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      JEE3


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      Post #32249, posted on 04-21-2010 GMT-5 hours    
      With all the defunct airlines that we usually cover, I thought it would be nice to highlight a South American carrier that not only survived an "Open Skies" period (similar to U.S. Deregulation) but also a Marxist President! Member Ignacio "CanalGuna"s dad also happened to be a retired LAN-Chile pilot and was kind enough to provide some rare photos. Linea Aerea Nacional de Chile began was formed 1929 by the Chilean Army. In 1932 LAN became a State-owned airline. Delivery of (6) Lockheed 10A Electras began in 1941 and by 1946, began the first international routes from Santiago to Buenos Aires, later extended to Montevideo. Unlike most South American carriers at the time, LAN would periodically purchase brand-new A/C as they did when (4) new Martin 2-0-2's arrived in 1949.During this period, LAN opened few international routes but continued to add domestic routes, especially in the far south. Between January-March 1955, (3) factory-ordered DC-6B's arrived and these would introduce the great looking "LAN-Chile" titles, with their upper block/lower pinstripe letters.
      The new DC-6Bs allowed new services to Lima (Peru) & Guayaquil (Ecuador), as well as to Miami, in 1958. In 1960, LAN turned to Allegheny Airlines for (4) ex-P.A.A. CV-340-54's to replace the unpressurized 2-0-2's.
      For their 1st jet A/C, LAN-Chile placed an order for (3) Caravelle VI R's in 1962 and these began service in 1964.Interestingly, they wore an Air France-like design on the tail but eventually would be re-painted in the Blue/Red circle w/White star.
      The LAN-Chile route map (1963) would remain the same until 1967 when in April, the airline was authorized the New-York to Santiago route. For the planned non-stop service a barely 3-yr old Lufthansa 707-330B was purchased.This rare photo (from "CanalGuna") shows the newly purchased 707 on it's arrival in Chile. IMO, the 707 looked the best in the short-lived Red/White radome! Earlier, in 1966, LAN-Chile placed an order with Boeing for (4) 727-100's ([2] -116's & [2] -116C's) arriving Jan.-June 1968. While the sole 707-330B would fly the long-haul New York-Chile route until being joined by a 2nd 707-385C (ex-American Flyers) in December 1969. In 1974 (2) additional 707's arrived ( a -330B and a -351C from Northwest),while the (4) 727-116's took care of the shorter international flightsand the (9) HS.748's (deliveries began in 1967) would replace the CV-340'on the domestic routes.(Ignacio's dad began on 748's in 1971).
      In 1970, Chile's new Marxist-leaning President wanted the airline to buy IL-62's but somehow the airline (who loved their Boeing's) was able to slip through until the President was assassinated in 1973....There was also a short-lived Chile-Cuba route during this time. In 1979, Chile introduced an "Open Skies" policy with the usual unfortunate results as Ladeco (smaller domestic carrier) began increasing their passengers at the expense of the larger LAN-Chile. In 1980, the first factory-delivered 737-2A1 arrivedand this would introduce an updated and colorful new marking as the airline entered the 1980's.a 2nd 737 (-2S2C) ex-Federal Express, would arrive in 1981. In the early 1980's, the (4) 707's received a unique color scheme, with a "ribbon-like" stripe.In 1982, an ex-New Zealand DC-10-30 was leased(Ignacio's dad also flew this DC-10).
      In 1984, LAN-Chile entered a brief Bankruptcy and emerged with new government-ownership (98.7 %) and money and aggressively began to re-take it's passengers shares back. After it's return, LAN-Chile chose the Boeing 767 as it updated the fleet. The first leased 767-216ER arrived in 1986 (would eventually total 24 -200's & -300's). The airline leased a ex-Lufthansa 747-130 from 1988-90.and for domestic service (2) BAe-146's were added.
      In 1994, LAN-Chile was 100% privatized and in 1995 acquired Ladeco, the airline that had earlier put them into bankruptcy! LAN-Chile took over Ladeco's leased 757-2Q8 (Main Photo) from 1996-1997. In 1997 the airline's shares were offered publicly and would begin a successful alliance with neighboring carriers. In 2008 LAN-Chile was named the 3rd Best Airline in the World! A special thanks to Ignacio and his dad(Who was qualified on the HS.748, 707, 727, 737, DC-8-73, DC-10 and ending up as an A320 instructor)........John3 (Thanks to www.lanchile.cl, Airliners.net, Bill Demarest/World Of Airline Postcards, AirlineColors.com, TimetableImages.com, Zortek Gallery. Photographers: Normando Carvalho, jr., John Krepp, Bob Garrard, Vito Cedrini, Neil Pidduck, Fergal Goodman & John P. Stewart).

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      Werkur Models


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      Post #32261, posted on 04-21-2010 GMT-5 hours    
      Nice history report, John. In 1984 i flown on a 737-200 of Lan Chile from Montevideo to Santiago and back to Montevideo was on a 707-330B which was a great flight. At that same year i had the opportunity to fly on the Lan Chile DC-10-30 from Santiago to Puerto Montt. Wow...were great times i remember, and canīt forget that!
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      Kikiferret


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      Post #32264, posted on 04-21-2010 GMT-5 hours    
      Nice to see and read how started this great sudamerican airline! Thanks!

      Saludos / Greetings

      Fernando Castaņón

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      Tango-Bravo


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      Post #32266, posted on 04-22-2010 GMT-5 hours    
      For some time LAN Chile operated their Caravelles on a multi-stop route from Santiago to Miami...because regulated domestic fares were set below the cost of operating the type on routes within Chile.

      A sight that remains clearly recorded in my mind to this day, some 38 years later, is the very first airliner I noticed upon landing in Madrid aboard an Iberia 747-156 in June 1972 ...a LAN Chile 707 taxying out to take off from the same runway on which my Iberia flight had just landed... and even though I had not been previously aware of the airline, my Spanish was good enough to guess correctly what "LAN" denoted, and that it translates to "National Air Line" (of Chile).

      Todd

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      CanalGuna


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      Post #32472, posted on 05-03-2010 GMT-5 hours    
      Nice work!! and thanks for the compliments!!...

      Ignacio Allende C.

      Speed is life.
      Altitude is Life Insurance.